Texts in Philosophy

Alphabetical by Author:

Thomas Aquinas, “Whether it is lawful to kill sinners?” and “Whether heretics ought to be tolerated?” From Summa Theologica (1265-1274).

Arachne and Athena.”

Aristotle, Poetics. Excerpts from Book 7 of Politics.

Augustine, on “Righteous Persecution” (c. 397-418 CE). HTML version.

Mikhail Bakunin, God and the State (1871).

Tom Beauchamp: “McAleer v. AT&T”. “Manufacture and Regulation of Laetrile”, “The FCC’s ‘Fairness Doctrine'”. “Putting the Squeeze on Citrus Hill Orange Juice”. “Hooker Chemical and Love Canal”. “Venture Capital for Rubbernex”.

James M. Buchanan, “Public Choice: Politics without Romance, Policy Magazine (2003). “Saving the Soul of Classical Liberalism”, The Wall Street Journal (2000).

Albert Camus, “The Myth of Sisyphus” (1942).

Daniel Dennett, “Where Am I?” (1978).

René Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (1641).

John Dewey, excerpts from Democracy in Education (1916).

Fyodor Dostoyevsky “The Grand Inquisitor”, excerpted from The Brothers Karamazov (1880).

Epictetus, Enchiridion (c. 135 C.E.). Twelve excerpts.

Faith: Quotations on Faith.

Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell, “Three Accounts of Faith,” from “Theology and Falsification: A Symposium” (1971).

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents (1930).

Galileo Galilei, “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina” (1615).

Henry Giroux, excerpt from Border Pedagogy as Postmodern Resistance (1991).

F. A. Hayek, “The Use of Knowledge in Society” (1945).

Henry Hazlitt, Economics in One Lesson (1946).

Martin Heidegger, “What Is Metaphysics?” (1929). “Reunion Speech” (1934).

Carl Hempel, “Semmelweis and Childbed Fever” (1966).

Stephen Hicks, “What Business Ethics Can Learn from Entrepreneurship” (2009) (SSRN source). “Would Immortality Be Worth It?” (1992).

Heinrich Himmler, “Speech at Posen” (1943).

Irving Howe, “The Culture of Modernism” (1967).

David Hume, “Moral Distinctions Not Derived from Reason,” from A Treatise of Human Nature (1738). “Of the Liberty of the Press” (1742).

William James, “The Will to Believe” (1896). “The Moral Equivalent of War” (1906). “What Makes a Life Significant?” (1900).

Immanuel Kant, excerpts from Critique of Pure Reason (1781/1787, Second Preface). Excerpts from On Education (1803), and Critique of Judgment (1790). Excerpts from Sections 23, 26, and 28. From Lectures on Ethics: “Duties towards the Body in Respect of Sexual Impulse” [1775-1780].

John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire (1926).

Søren Kierkegaard, “A Panegyric Upon Abraham,” from Fear and Trembling (1843).

John Locke, excerpts from A Letter concerning Toleration (1689). Excerpt from Some Thoughts concerning Education (1692).

Martin Luther, excerpts from The Jews and Their Lies (1543).

Karl Marx, excerpts from Theses on Feuerbach and The Holy Family. Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto (1848).

The Meaning of Life — Selected Quotations (from Psalms, Shakespeare, Brooke, Marvell, Thoreau, and others).

John Stuart Mill, Chapters 1 and 2 of On Liberty (1859), Chapter 2 of Utilitarianism (1863).

John Milton, Aeropagitica (1644).

Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932).

Sergey Nechayev, The Revolutionary Catechism (1869).

Friedrich Nietzsche, Preface and First Essay of On the Genealogy of Morals (1887).

Robert Nozick, “The Tale of the Slave”, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974).

Michael Oakeshott, “A Place of Learning” (1982).

William Paley, “The Watch and the Watchmaker” (1802).

Plato, excerpts from The Republic: excerpt from Book 2 on “The Myth of Gyges”; excerpt from Book 7 on “The Allegory of the Cave”; excerpt from Book 10 on censoring art.

Bertrand Russell, “The Value of Philosophy” (1912). “How I Write” (1956).

Jean-Paul Sartre, “Intentionality: A Fundamental Idea of Husserl’s Phenomenology” (1939). “Existentialism is a Humanism” (1946).

B. F. Skinner, excerpt from Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971).

Adam Smith, “Of the Division of Labour”, Chapter 1 of The Wealth of Nations (1776).

Tara Smith, “Money Can Buy Happiness” [pdf at Reason Papers] (2003).

Oswald Spengler, “Introduction” to The Decline of the West (1918). HTML forthcoming.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “Speech to Women’s Suffrage Convention, Washington, D.C.” (1868) [HTML].

John Stossel, Notes on ABC News Special “Greed” (1999).

Alexis de Tocqueville, “Origin of the Anglo-Americans,” excerpt from Chapter 2, Part 2 of Democracy in America (1835).

Richard Wagner, “Art and Revolution” (1849).

Max Weber, excerpt from The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905).

Four articles from the 1989 debate sparked by federal funding for works by Robert Mapplethorpe and Andres Serrano:
Jesse Helms, “Amendment 420: The NEA Should Not Fund Obscenity” [pdf].
Robert Hughes, “A Loony Parody of Cultural Democracy” [pdf].
Robert Samuelson, “Highbrow Pork Barrel” [pdf].
Steven Durland, “Censorship, Multiculturalism, and Symbols” [pdf].
All four articles in one file [pdf].

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