Texts in Philosophy

Alphabetical by Author or Topic:

Thomas Aquinas, “Whether it is lawful to kill sinners?” and “Whether heretics ought to be tolerated?” From Summa Theologica (1265-1274).

Arachne and Athena.”

Aristotle, Poetics. Excerpts from Book 7 of Politics.

Augustine, on “Righteous Persecution” (c. 397-418 CE). HTML version.

Mikhail Bakunin, God and the State (1871).

Frédéric Bastiat, “A Petition from the Candlemakers about Unfair Competition from the Sun” (1845).

Tom Beauchamp: “McAleer v. AT&T”. “Manufacture and Regulation of Laetrile”, “The FCC’s ‘Fairness Doctrine'”. “Putting the Squeeze on Citrus Hill Orange Juice”. “Hooker Chemical and Love Canal”. “Venture Capital for Rubbernex”.

William Bennett and Milton Friedman, Open Letters on the War on Drugs, from The Wall Street Journal (1989).

Nathaniel Branden, “Self-Esteem in the Information Age” (1997).

Justice Brennan, excerpt from Furman v. Georgia (1972), and Justice Stewart, excerpt from Gregg v. Georgia (1976). Both on capital punishment.

James M. Buchanan, “Public Choice: Politics without Romance, Policy Magazine (2003). “Saving the Soul of Classical Liberalism,” The Wall Street Journal (2000).

Albert Camus, “The Myth of Sisyphus” (1942).

Daniel Dennett, “Where Am I?” (1978).

René Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (1641).

John Dewey, excerpts from Democracy in Education (1916).

Fyodor Dostoyevsky “The Grand Inquisitor”, excerpted from The Brothers Karamazov (1880).

Dualism or Naturalism of Human Nature, quotations from Martin Luther, St. Paul, and Lucretius.

Max Forrester Eastman (1883-1969), excerpt from Reflections on the Failure of Socialism  (1955).

Jean Bethke Elshtain, “Identity, the State and Sacrifice” (1991).

Epictetus, Enchiridion (c. 135 C.E.). Twelve excerpts.

Faith: Quotations on Faith.

Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell, “Three Accounts of Faith,” from “Theology and Falsification: A Symposium” (1971).

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents (1930).

Marilyn Frye, “Oppression,” from The Politics of Reality.

Suzi Gablik, “Individualism: Art for Art’s Sake, or Art for Society’s Sake?” From Has Modernism Failed? (1984).

Galileo Galilei, “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina” (1615).

Henry Giroux, excerpt from Border Pedagogy as Postmodern Resistance (1991).

Garrett Hardin, “Lifeboat Ethics: The Case against Helping the Poor” (1974).

F. A. Hayek, “The Use of Knowledge in Society” (1945).

Henry Hazlitt, Economics in One Lesson (1946).

Martin Heidegger, “What Is Metaphysics?” (1929). “Reunion Speech” (1934).

Carl Hempel, “Semmelweis and Childbed Fever” (1966).

Stephen Hicks, “What Business Ethics Can Learn from Entrepreneurship” (2009) (SSRN source). “Would Immortality Be Worth It?” (1992). “Ethics for a Democratic Republic” (2015).

Heinrich Himmler, “Speech at Posen” (1943).

Irving Howe, “The Culture of Modernism” (1967).

David Hume, “Moral Distinctions Not Derived from Reason,” from A Treatise of Human Nature (1738). “Of the Liberty of the Press” (1742).

William James, “The Will to Believe” (1896). “The Moral Equivalent of War” (1906). “What Makes a Life Significant?” (1900).

Immanuel Kant, excerpts from Critique of Pure Reason (1781/1787, Second Preface). Excerpts from On Education (1803), and Critique of Judgment (1790). Excerpts from Sections 23, 26, and 28. From Lectures on Ethics: “Duties towards the Body in Respect of Sexual Impulse” [1775-1780].

John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire (1926).

Søren Kierkegaard, “A Panegyric Upon Abraham,” from Fear and Trembling (1843).

John Locke, excerpts from A Letter concerning Toleration (1689). Excerpt from Some Thoughts concerning Education (1692).

Martin Luther, excerpts from The Jews and Their Lies (1543).

Karl Marx, excerpts from Theses on Feuerbach and The Holy Family. Excerpts from The Communist Manifesto (1848).

The Meaning of Life — Selected Quotations (from Psalms, Shakespeare, Brooke, Marvell, Thoreau, and others).

John Stuart Mill, Chapters 1 and 2 of On Liberty (1859), Chapter 2 of Utilitarianism (1863).

Stanley Milgram, excerpt from Obedience to Authority (1974).

Ludwig von Mises, Review of J. M. Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire, Ideas on the Unification of Private and Social Economy (1927).

John Milton, Aeropagitica (1644).

Charles Murray, from Losing Ground: American Social Policy (1984).

Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932).

Sergey Nechayev, The Revolutionary Catechism (1869).

Friedrich Nietzsche, Preface and First Essay of On the Genealogy of Morals (1887). “Prologue” to Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-1886).

Robert Nozick, “The Tale of the Slave”, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974). [HTML]

Michael Oakeshott, “A Place of Learning” (1982).

William Paley, “The Watch and the Watchmaker” (1802).

Plato, excerpts from The Republic: excerpt from Book 2 on “The Myth of Gyges”; excerpt from Book 7 on “The Allegory of the Cave”; excerpt from Book 10 on censoring art.

Russell Roberts, “If You’re Paying, I’ll Have Top Sirloin” (1995).

Alfredo Rocco, The Political Doctrine of Fascism (1925).

Bertrand Russell, “The Value of Philosophy” (1912). “How I Write” (1956).

Jean-Paul Sartre, “Intentionality: A Fundamental Idea of Husserl’s Phenomenology” (1939). “Existentialism is a Humanism” (1946).

Peter Singer, “The Duty to Give to the World’s Poor” (1979).

B. F. Skinner, excerpt from Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971).

Adam Smith, “Of the Division of Labour”, Chapter 1 of The Wealth of Nations (1776).

Tara Smith, “Money Can Buy Happiness” [pdf at Reason Papers] (2003).

Oswald Spengler, “Introduction” to The Decline of the West (1918). HTML.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “Speech to Women’s Suffrage Convention, Washington, D.C.” (1868) [HTML].

John Stossel, Notes on ABC News Special “Greed” (1999).

Mother Teresa, excerpt “On Prayer” from No Greater Love (1987).

Alexis de Tocqueville, “Origin of the Anglo-Americans,” excerpt from Chapter 2, Part 2 of Democracy in America (1835).

Richard Wagner, “Art and Revolution” (1849).

Max Weber, excerpt from The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905).

Four articles from the 1989 debate sparked by federal funding for works by Robert Mapplethorpe and Andres Serrano:
Jesse Helms, “Amendment 420: The NEA Should Not Fund Obscenity” [pdf].
Robert Hughes, “A Loony Parody of Cultural Democracy” [pdf].
Robert Samuelson, “Highbrow Pork Barrel” [pdf].
Steven Durland, “Censorship, Multiculturalism, and Symbols” [pdf].
All four articles in one file [pdf].

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