[This is Section 12 of Nietzsche and the Nazis.]
12. Nazi democratic success
For the Nazis, the clear, firm, and passionate advocacy of their political goals, along with efficient organization and propaganda, brought them increasing democratic success in Germany.
After years of work, by 1928 the party had only twelve seats in the Reichstag, Germany’s national parliament. But in the election of September 1930, they increased that number to 107 seats. Less than two years later, in the election of July 1932, they increased that number dramatically to 230 seats. A few months later they lost thirty-four seats in a November election and now had 196. But in January of 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, one of the two highest positions in the land, and the Nazis were in a position to consolidate their power. In March of 1933 they called yet another election in order to get a clear mandate from the German people about their plans for Germany. The election had a huge turnout and the Nazis scored huge gains, winning 43.9% of the popular vote and 288 seats in the Reichstag. 288 seats are more seats than their next three competitors combined.
Table 1. Germany: March 5, 1933 election. Seats in the Reichstag:
NSDAP (National Socialist) 288
SPD (Socialist) 120
KPD (Communist) 81
Zentrum (Center, Catholic) 73
Kampfront SWR (Nationalist) 52
Bayerische Volkspartei 19
Deutsche Staatspartei 5
Christlich-Sozialer Volksdienst 4
Deutsche Volkspartei (Nationalist) 2
Deutsche Bauernpartei 2
Württembergerische Landbund 1
 Craig 1978, p. 576.