The Climate of Collectivism: Chapter 4 of Explaining Postmodernism

ep_50x78At the Explaining Postmodernism page, Chapter Four of my book is now available online. This chapter chronicles the rise of Counter-Enlightenment, collectivized social and political thought on the European continent, from Rousseau and Kant in the eighteenth century, through Fichte and Hegel in the nineteenth (Marx is treated separately in Chapter 5), setting the stage for the great battle between Right and Left versions of collectivism early in the twentieth century.

Here are the chapter’s sections and page numbers:

Chapter Four: The Climate of Collectivism [pdf]

From postmodern epistemology to postmodern politics 84
The argument of the next three chapters 86
Responding to socialism’s crisis of theory and evidence 89
Back to Rousseau 91
Rousseau’s Counter-Enlightenment 92
Rousseau’s collectivism and statism 96
Rousseau and the French Revolution 100
Counter-Enlightenment Politics: Right and Left collectivism 104
Kant on collectivism and war 106
Herder on multicultural relativism 110
Fichte on education as socialization 113
Hegel on worshipping the state 120
From Hegel to the twentieth century 124
Right versus Left collectivism in the twentieth century 126
The Rise of National Socialism: Who are the real socialists? 131

[This excerpt is from Stephen Hicks’s Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault (Scholargy Publishing, 2004, 2011). The full book is available in hardcover or e-book at Amazon. See also the Explaining Postmodernism page. Related: Professor Hicks’s lectures on Philosophy of Education at YouTube via these playlists.]

3 thoughts on “The Climate of Collectivism: Chapter 4 of Explaining Postmodernism

  • October 3, 2009 at 12:06 pm

    Shades of Isaiah Berlin, for this chapter.

  • October 3, 2009 at 1:37 pm

    Also for Chapter 2, again on the Enlightenment versus Counter-Enlightenment battles.

  • October 31, 2011 at 10:11 am

    Collectivism – the product of overpopulation and social differences’ decrease – have conquered the modern world in countless forms of leftist, religious,nationalistic ….
    It’s a pity collectivists can’y feed the world, so they ardourly hated capitalism – individualism’s incarnation do it and is tolerated thus. Just like Jews in the medieval Europe,where Jewish money helped Europeans to tolerate them

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